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By PTI – NEW DELHI, Published: 06th May 2014 07:43 PM
India reduced child and maternal mortality since 2000 at a rate faster than the global one but it still needs to do a lot more, according to studies conducted by a US-based body.
Child deaths fell at an average rate of 4.3 per cent per year, a significant improvement on the global rate of 3 per cent, said the two new studies on child and maternal deaths in 188 countries conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in Seattle, USA.
The studies reported that pregnancy-related deaths among Indian mothers declined at an annual rate of 3.1 per cent since 2003, slightly faster than the global rate which it did not mention in its press release.
"India has been a global leader in efforts to end preventable, child deaths and setting ambitious targets…
These findings demonstrate India is making profound progress but more must be done to continue saving children's lives and to step up efforts to protect mothers," George Centre Director Vivekanand Jha said.
The IHME report said India has made rapid progress toward Millennium Development Goals – 4 & 5 targets.
India was one of the nine countries besides China, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Brazil, Afghanistan and Nigeria which accounted for two-thirds of the global decline in child deaths achieved since 2000.
India is, however, still counted among the 26 countries where 80 percent of deaths in young children occur.
Projections indicate that India could have a death rate for children under five below 25 deaths for every 1000 live births, the report said.
Nearly 281.8 mother dies per 1 lakh live births in the country and unless more is done address this, India will be counted among 53 other countries with maternal ratios above 100 in 2030, it said.
According to the studies, 1.2 million children below five-year died in 2013 and the figure for maternal deaths stood at 71,000.